Kuliah Dek Rizky Psikologi

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Phases in clinical assessment

Posted by Dek Rizky On April - 26 - 2009

Phases in clinical assessment :

  • Groth – marmat ( 2003 ) :
  • Evaluating the referral questions
  • Acquiring knowledge relating to the content of the problem
  • Data collection
  • Interpreting the data
  • Conceptual validity ( Maloney , and Ward, 1976 )

The clinical assessment process

  • Nietzel, Bernstein, and Millich ( 2003 ) :
  • A Schematic view of the clinical assessment process
  • I => Planning, data, collection, procedure.
  • II => Collecting, assessment, data
  • III => Data, processing and hypothesis formation
  • IV => Communicating assessment data

Planning for assessment :

  • What do want to know?
  • Assessment levels :
  • Somatic
  • Physical
  • Demographic
  • Overt behavior
  • Cognitive / intellectual
  • Emotional / Affective
  • Environmental

Factors guiding assessment choices

  • theoretical Model
  • Reliability and Validity
  • Clinician’s assessment specific factors ( personal preferences, training experiences )
  • Clinician’s assessment strategy ( bandwidth – fidelity issues )

The goals of clinical assessment

  • Diagnostic classification
  • Psychodiagnosis ; Differential diagnosis
  • DSM – IV, ICD – 10
  • Description
  • Person – environment interactions
  • Prediction
  • For selection

Collecting assessment data :

  • How should we go about learning it?
  • Sources of assessment data. Interviews, observations, test, life record
  • the value of multiple assessment sources

Processing assessment data

  • Data processing or clinical judgement
  • Determine what their mean
  • Transformed from data raw data into interpretations and conclusions
  • Level and types : ( clinical inference )
  • Goal
  • underlying theoretical approach
  • Level of abstraction : Lowest vs highest inference level
  • Three views of assessment data : Samples, Correlates, Signs
  • Approaches, views, and levels
  • The process of clinical inference
  • Clinical intuition
  • The clinician as inference expert
  • Formal vs informal inference

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