Kuliah Dek Rizky Psikologi

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Reliability and validity of observation

Posted by Dek Rizky On April - 26 - 2009

Reliability and validity of observation

  • Reliability of observation : Complexity of target behavior and training observers
  • Validity of observation : mechanics of rating, observer error, reactivity, ecological validity

Behavioral Assessment

  • SORC Model ( Kanfer and Philips, 1970 )
  • Stimulus ( S )
  • Organism ( O )
  • Response ( R )
  • Consequence ( C )
  • Functional analysis ( ABC Model ) ( Skinner, 1953 )
  • Antecedent event ( A )
  • Behavior ( B )
  • Consequence (C )

Two broad categories of behavior

  • Responders : are the antecedent – controlled behaviors which function in a reflexive manner : Somatic reflexes, Emotional reactions and other responsesof the smooth muscles, gland and heart , and sensations
  • Operants : are consequence – controlled : Actions, Instrumental responses of the smooth muscles, gland and cognitions

Assessment task

  • Identify : respondent, operant, consequence of operant, setting event
  • Classify : Behavioral excesses, behavioral deficits, behavioral anomalies, behavioral assets
  • Prophesy : Theoretical orientation
  • Specify : recommendations : precise goals, method of interventions, therapeutic agents
  • Evaluation : What changes are occurring in behavior treatment : processes evaluation, outcome evaluation, follow up evaluation

Methods of behavioral assessment

  • Behavioral interview
  • Direct observation
  • Psycho – Physiological measures
  • Behavioral inventories and checklist
  • BDI, CBCL

Behavioral sampling

  • Event sampling
  • Duration sampling
  • Time sampling
  • Interval sampling
  • Subject sampling
  • Situation sampling
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