Kuliah Dek Rizky Psikologi

Ilmu pengetahuan tentang psikologi

Techniques of interview

Posted by Dek Rizky On April - 26 - 2009

Techniques of interview :

  • Interviewer attitude : acceptance, understanding, sincerity
  • Five types of interview questions : open – ended, facilitative, clarifying, comforting, direct.

Reliability of interview :

  • Reliability :
  • Information variance : refer to the variation in the questions the clinicians ask, the observation that are made during the interview, and the method of integrating the information that is obtained.
  • Criterion variance : refer to variation scoring thresholds among clinicans
  • Two types of reliability : Interrater or interjudge reliability, test – retest reliability

Validity of interview

  • content validity
  • Criterion – related validity
  • Discriminant validity
  • Construct validity

Suggestion for improving reliability and validity

  • Whenever possible, use a structured intervie
  • If a structured interview doesn’t exist for your purpose, consider developing one
  • Certain interviewing skills are essential
  • Be aware of the patient’s motives and expectancies with regard to the interview
  • Be aware of your own expectations, biases, and cultural values

Varieties of interview

  • The intake – admission interview
  • The case – history interview
  • Mental status examination interview
  • The crisis interview
  • The diagnostic interview

Mental status examination ( MSE )

  • General appearance and behavior
  • Speech and thought
  • Consciousness
  • Mood and affect
  • Perception
  • Obsessions and compulsions
  • Orientation
  • memory
  • Attention and concentration
  • fund of general information
  • Intelligence
  • Insight and judgement
  • Higher intelectual, functioning

The diagnostic interview

  • Structured diagnostic interview :
  • Careful history taking
  • Clinical examination : eliciting clinical sign


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